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Which Are the most Important Muscles Used in Rowing?

Which Are the most Important Muscles Used in Rowing?

January 14, 2013 1:10 pm1 comment

Do you know rowing is one of the most physically taxing sports that affect some of the major muscles in your body? Rowing has acquired immense popularity as a form of fitness regime because of its capability to work out the entire body.

Rowing is an impressive calorie burning and muscle strengthening exercise. While rowing it might seem that your upper body is solely important for rowing actions. But the reality is both your upper and lower body muscles are simultaneously in use while rowing.

You will be definitely surprised to know the number of muscles used in rowing. Probably this is the reason why rowing is an effective workout for burning calories and shedding the extra weight from your body.

The core muscles of your body located in your stomach region, chest and back are the most important muscles that get in use while rowing. Rowing not only helps you to strengthen your back muscles but also tones and provides strength to your abdominal muscles.

Lower back pain

Do you know rowing is good for those who suffer from lower back pain? Since your abdominal muscles get strengthened, it supports your weight off the back. During rowing you force your muscles to pull and contract that tightens the core muscles. Thus, indirectly your abdominal region gets toned up.

Although it might seem that your upper body is the most important muscle group used during rowing, the leg muscles can’t be avoided. Do you know your leg muscles are the strongest in your entire body?


When you are in the seated position on the boat you are exerting power with your legs to move the oars and bring in the powerful strokes. The large muscles of your thighs known as quadriceps are the primary source of power and force in rowing.

Your hamstring muscles also get affected as these muscles are responsible for the flexibility of your knee during rowing. The hamstring muscles come in use during the recovery phase of the rowing strokes.


Upper arm muscles

Your upper arm muscles known as the biceps and triceps are also involved during rowing. The largest back muscle of your body known as the Latissimus dorsi is the main source of power and force from your upper body muscle group during rowing strokes.

Your shoulder muscles, known as the deltoids are known to stabilize your shoulder joint. Moreover, rhomboids, your upper back muscles also come in use during the end of each rowing stroke.

The oblique muscles located in your side abdominal region also get affected in the entire rowing activity. The muscles running down the length of your spin referred as the erector spinae helps to sustain a strong connection between your back and leg muscles.

It is clear that the rowing activity involves some of the major and important muscles groups of your body. Since rowing as a sport is not always possible to practice many indoor rowing machines are available in the market that gives you almost the same feeling of rowing on a boat.

1 Comment

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